African American (AA) men are known to have more aggressive prostate cancer (PCa) compared with Caucasian American men. We sought to determine predictors of subsequent detection and risk stratification of PCa in a racially diverse group of men with atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) on initial prostate biopsy.
Materials and Methods
A retrospective analysis was conducted on data from men with ASAP on initial prostate biopsy who subsequently received confirmatory biopsies between September 2000 and July 2015. Biopsies with more than 3 years between initial and confirmatory biopsies were excluded. Race, age, body mass index, transrectal ultrasound volume, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PSA velocity, PSA density, and elapsed time between biopsies were assessed for predictive value in subsequent PCa diagnosis after an initial finding of ASAP.
Of 106 men analyzed, 75 (71%) were AA and 31 (29%) were non-AA. Baseline variables revealed AA men had higher PSA levels, PSA velocity, and PSA density (all P < .05). PCa was diagnosed in subsequent biopsy in 42 (40%) patients without significant racial variation; 30 (40%) AA versus 12 (39%) non-AA. Of the 42 PCa patients, 25 (24%) met Epstein criteria for significant disease without racial variation; 18 (24%) AA versus 7 (23%) non-AA. Only 10 (9%) patients had any component of Gleason 4; 7 (9%) AA versus 3 (10%) non-AA. In multivariate analysis, increasing age, PSA level, and PSA density were significant predictors of PCa.
AA men diagnosed with ASAP on initial prostate biopsy do not have increased risk of PCa on confirmatory biopsy compared with non-AA men.
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Published online: April 25, 2017
Accepted: April 14, 2017
Received in revised form: April 6, 2017
Received: March 10, 2017
R.S.L. and J.J.K. are both considered first authors.
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.